Surge in Interest Rates and Home Prices Slow Home Sales to 13-Year Low

As September rolled around, the housing market took a drastic hit, plunging to lows not seen since the foreclosure mess. The uphill battle with soaring interest rates and skyrocketing home prices are the main villains of this story, pushing the dream of homeownership beyond the horizon for many aspiring houseowners. If we look at the figures from the National Association of Realtors (NAR), it’s clear that we’ve fallen into a pit – racking up the lowest sales in over a decade.

Factors Influencing the Slump

1. Mounting Interest Rates

Rates that surpassed the 7% mark in August have substantially driven down sales. The Federal Reserve’s indication that its benchmark rate will persist on the higher side suggests further reductions in monthly home sales as the year progresses. Lawrence Yun, NAR’s Chief Economist, remarked, “The Federal Reserve cannot persistently hike interest rates amidst soft inflation and diminishing job gains.”

2. Record-High Home Prices

The typical selling price of previously owned homes sky-rocketed to an eye-opening $394,300. Would you believe it if I told you that’s a jump up of 2.8% from the same time a year ago? And this isn’t a one-off incident – we’re on a winning streak here with home prices ascending for the third straight month! This emphasizes our dire need to beef up our residential offerings pronto. Here’s the kicker – it’s not just an isolated case, either. 

3. Limited Housing Inventory

The persistently low inventory of available homes has inevitably intensified price surges. Statistics reveal an end-of-September availability of 1.13 million units. This figure represents a slight increase of 2.7% from August, but an 8.1% reduction year-over-year. With the prevailing sales pace, the market can barely sustain a 3.4-month supply of inventory. A balanced market, in contrast, would maintain a supply for five to six months.

Key Takeaways from the NAR Report

  • The average duration properties remained on the market in September was 21 days.
  • 69% of the homes sold in September were listed for less than a month.
  • Despite an upward trend in all-cash transactions, first-time buyers’ participation dwindled. Such buyers represented only 27% of sales in September.
  • All-cash purchases, predominantly driven by individual investors or second-home buyers, accounted for 29% of total transactions in September.

Regional Insights

1. Northeast

Contrary to the national trend, the Northeast witnessed a 4.2% surge in home sales in September, even though this was 16.7% lower than the previous year. This uptick also translated to the region’s strongest price gains, credited to augmented demand and a 20% decline in inventory.

2. Midwest, South, and West

Compared to the Northeast, other regions weren’t quite as lucky in sales figures. The Midwest wrestled with a somewhat hefty monthly drop of 4.1%, which sounds like a hiccup till you find out that it translates into a rather alarming annual tumble of about 18.4%. At the same time, folks in the South saw their numbers take a minor stumble, dropping by 1.1% from one month to another, and escalating to an 11.7% contraction on the yearly scale. Meanwhile, over in the West, they experienced a bit more than an oops moment with monthly sales having a sizable plunge of 5.3%. 

Looking Forward

Amidst these shifting dynamics, industry analysts are contemplating whether this is merely a transient phase or heralds a transformative era for homeownership. The amplified costs are not just barring individuals from accruing equity through homeownership but are also reshaping the market’s composition. The prominence of all-cash buyers is surpassing first-time buyers, a historical anomaly, raising questions about future market trajectories.

Despite the challenges, there remains an urgent need to address housing supply issues, as indicated by the consistent rise in home prices. With the ongoing trends, experts predict a further decline in sales, with figures potentially reaching 20% less than the previous year.

The Impact of Rising Interest Rates

In a ripple effect sort of way, skyrocketing interest rates have turned homeownership into a far-off dream for an increasingly large chunk of would-be buyers. News from the National Association of Realtors highlights how home sales have taken a major hit with interest rates crossing the 7% mark in August – we’re talking about the harshest slump seen in over a decade. Speaking frankly, this is a pretty troubling turn of events, especially when considering the ongoing foreclosure fiasco as a context.

Key Factors Contributing to the Decline

  • Low Inventory: The historically low inventory of homes continues to drive prices upwards. With fewer homes available for purchase, prices are naturally escalating, placing additional strains on affordability.
  • Record Prices: This past September, the midpoint price of previously owned homes – we’re talking traditional houses, townhomes, condos, and even co-ops – hit a whopping $394,300. That’s a jump up of 2.8% from the year before, setting a new high watermark for September home prices. What’s interesting is that this price climb wasn’t just isolated to one or two parts of the U.S. We saw it across the board in all four main sections: the Northeast, Midwest, South, and the West.
  • Federal Reserve’s Actions: Lawrence Yun, NAR’s chief economist, expressed concerns about the Federal Reserve’s strategy. He noted that the Reserve’s consistent interest rate hikes, especially in light of weakening inflation and job gains, are not sustainable for the housing market’s health.


The housing market’s current state underscores the intricate balance between supply, demand, affordability, and external economic factors. As the industry grapples with these challenges, prospective buyers and sellers must remain informed and vigilant to navigate this dynamic landscape effectively.


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